The Swamp Wallaby, also known as the black wallaby or black pademelon, is a small stocky macropod marsupial with dark brown fur, often with lighter rusty patches on the belly, chest & base of the ears. Body length 66 cm – 85 cm, tail up to 86cm. Male Swamp Wallabies are larger than the females, with males reaching 21kg, in comparison to the female’s 15kg. They are solitary nocturnal animals. When moving fast they hold their heads low & tail horizontal, taking long, bounding leaps of up to 4 metres (13 feet).
Distribution & Habitat
They live in eastern Australia: in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. The preferred habitat of the Swamp Wallaby is thick forest undergrowth or sandstone heath.
The Swamp Wallaby is a herbivore (plant eater) feeding on a variety of plants including shrubs, grasses & ferns. The Swamp Wallaby has a broad fourth pre-molar tooth, which is never sheds; it is used for eating course plant material.
Life expectancy & Breeding
Lifespan of around 15 years. Breeding occurs throughout the year. Females attain sexual maturity at around 15 months. Pregnancy usually lasts between 33 to 38 days, after which the young joey, weighing less than 1 gramme, will firmly attached to one of four teats in the mother’s pouch. Young Swamp Wallabies will remain in the pouch for about 36 weeks, but will continue to suckle until the age of 15 months. Like many marsupials, female Swamp Wallabies can suckle two joeys of different ages.