The Spotted-tailed Quoll is mainland Australia’s largest carnivorous marsupial. About the size of a domestic cat it has shorter legs & a more pointed face. Its fur is rich red to dark brown & is covered with white spots on the back which continue down the tail. The average weight of an adult male is about 3.5kgs and an adult female about 2kg.
DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
The Spotted-tailed Quoll is found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. They live in various environments including forests, woodlands, coastal heathlands and rainforests. They are mainly solitary animals, and will make their dens in rock shelters, small caves, hollow logs & tree hollows. These animals are highly mobile, moving up to several kilometres in a night & may have quite large territories.
They hunt at night & feed on a variety of prey including gliders, possums, small wallabies, rats, birds, bandicoots, rabbits, insects & reptiles, all of which they attack by biting the back of the skull or neck.
LIFE EXPECTANCY & BREEDING
They live for approximately 4 years & are sexually mature at 1. Breeding season is between April and July. Females breed usually once a year, and have a gestation period of 21 days, producing an average litter size of 5. They give birth to joeys that are not much bigger than a grain of rice. .They are related to the now extinct Thylacine (Tasmanian Tiger).
NEAR THREATENED: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
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Spotted-tail Quolls fact sheet